Water in your basement can lead to foundation damage, water damage, and mold — which are all things that compromise your home and your health. Fortunately, there are several options for maintaining a dry basement.
1. Improve Your Gutters
Sometimes basement leaks are actually a result of poor drainage from the roof of your home, especially if you live in an area with heavy rainfall or snow accumulation. Improving your gutter system may prevent water from collecting against your foundation walls. Drain spout extenders are one option. These extend out the spouts so roof water is deposited far from your foundation. You can also have drain spouts installed that empty directly into a sewer drain.
2. Seal the Interior Walls
Interior sealing can work with minor issues, but it may not be enough on its own if you have major water leaks. Interior waterproofing is often combined with drain or sump pump installation. The waterproofing service begins by removing drywall and anything else that is covering the concrete walls. They then fill any cracks and patch damaged areas. Finally, a few coats of a waterproof sealant are applied to the walls and left to cure.
3. Waterproof the Exterior
More extensive than indoor waterproofing, exterior sealing can create an effective barrier against ground moisture. The process is invasive since the soil must be removed from around your basement walls. Any cracks or damage in the basement walls are repaired. Then, a membrane is applied and cured in place. Once this is done, the soil is replaced and the yard is landscaped again to conceal the damage.
4. Install Drains
An extensive drainage system may be needed to route water away from your basement walls, especially if there is a high water table or if your home sits at the bottom of a slope. Drains are typically installed around the outer perimeter of your basement walls. Perforated pipes, also called drain tiles, are installed within a gravel bed underground. Water percolates through the gravel and into the pipes before it can reach your home. The water is then safely routed away.
5. Put In a Sump Pump
In areas with frequent flooding and a high water table, there may be little you can do to keep the water out of the basement. A better solution is to control the flow of the water so it can be promptly pumped out without damage. A waterproofing service or plumber can install a drainage trench and a sump pit. Water that leaks into the basement is routed straight to the trench, then the sump pump quickly moves it outside without any harm to your home.
Contact a basement waterproofing service for more help.